The fruit of Casuarina glauca is similar to Allocasuarina littoralisin shape (cylindrical). C. glauca is probably wind-pollinated but insect pollination can also occur. In: Casuarina Ecology, Management and Utilization. It was once treated as the sole genus in the family, but has been split into three genera (see: Casuarinaceae). In The Bahamas, it is able to produce flowers and fruit all year-round (Hammerton, 2001). Casuarina glauca is commonly called the 'Swamp Oak' due to the wood's oak-like appearance and natural occurrence near brackish waterways. Casuarina glauca (swamp oak) can thrive in periodically waterlogged, saline sites and in coastal areas where many other trees wouldn't survive. Casuarina-glauca- The Cousin It Plant Growing conditions and care. 28. Casuarina, also known as she-oak or Australian pine, is flowering plant that belongs to the casuarina family. New plantings will require some water, and mulch to retain a little moisture and suppress weed growth is advisable. Choose a place in the garden that gets full sun. Flowering and Fruiting- Casuarina species have been reported to be monoecious (13) and dioecious (6); C. glauca in Florida has not been observed to bear female flowers. Address 752 Taonui Road, Colyton . Suited to coastal plantings as well as being useful in rock gardens and as a general ground cover, Casuarina glauca prostrate requires little care once established. The fruit is woody barrel-shaped cone-like mass of capsules 10mm x 8mm with rough surface and strongly protruding teeth when ripe. It can fix Nitrogen. Latin equisetifolia, with leaves like a horsetail, referring to the reduced leaves of the tree along the branch, which resemble that of Equisetum species. Improves soil fertility by "fixing" nitrogen. The interesting fallen cone-like fruit, which are about ½ inch long, could sometimes be picked up there. (1)"Casuarina glauca is an introduced tree species to India. Casuarina glauca or the Swamp Oak is a single trunked upright tree with an open conical habit. it is a serious environmental weed in the Mount Lofty Ranges). Morris, Colleen and Louisa Murray. Flowering Casuarina glauca. Casuarina glauca makes a good windbreak tree and very good for saline . It is hardy to zone (UK) 9. Casuarina glauca hybridizes with other casuarina species through open, wind pollination. The species is monoecious (individual flowers are either male or female, but both sexes can be found on the same plant). Species Overview. Its seeds (samaras) are small, pale and dull in colour. Parts Shown: Habit Photo. DESCRIPTION: A hardy and robust evergreen shrub featuring a vibrant foliage year-round which forms a natural ball-shape without the need for hedging or maintenance.The branchlets are slender when compared to the species. Casuarina is a genus of 17 tree species in the family Casuarinaceae, native to Australia, the Indian subcontinent, southeast Asia, and islands of the western Pacific Ocean. The diagrams illustrate the cone (left), node (middle, left), Casuarina glauca. Fruit bracteoles are relatively thin compared to other casuarinas. Preliminary results of Casuarina cunninghamiana and C. glauca … casuarina glauca – Swamp oak, She-oak, Grey oak, River oak. Frost resistant and cold tolerant. How to grow casuarina in a garden. Casuarina glauca - male flowers : Casuarina glauca - female flowers . Text from Invasive and Non-native Plants You Should Know – Recognition Cards 3 Scientific Name: Casuarina L. (Casuarinaceae) glauca Sieber & K. Spren. They are often called ‘native pines’ because the foliage bears a similarity to pine needles. Casuarina glauca makes a good windbreak tree and very good for saline . Suitable for: light (sandy) and medium (loamy) soils and prefers well-drained soil. Casuarina glauca:(Brazilian Oak, Scaly-Bark Beefwood, Swamp She(Shea)-Oak, Black She(Shea)-Oak) (Morton 1980, Long and Lakela 1971, Barrett 1956) The 10-14 leaf teeth are either entirely brown or with a brown ring where teeth unite. Despite its name, it is not "true" pine. Long-lived. Closed cones may persist on the tree for more than a year. 53-54. Tolerates slight salinity. Enclosed by bracteoles in globose to ovoid, cone-like heads, the fruit are winged nutlets (also known as samaras), which are usually dispersed by the wind. C. glauca is a prolific cone producer and averages 70 seeds/cone and 1,300,000 seeds/kg (El-Lakany et al. Melbourne, Australia: CSIRO. C. Glauca was investigated for biomass production at highly sodic soil sites (pH 8.6 10.5); it was found to be promising in terms of growth and productivity." Field investigations with fruit crops, such as pineapple, sapota, and forest species such as casuarina and acacia, and green manure and cover crops such as subabul and mucuna have shown good promise. Prepare the planting area well by digging in Yates Dynamic Lifter Soil Improver & Plant Fertiliser. Water culture is now a common method for the propagation of Casuarina cuttings in China (Liang and Chen, 1982). There are two subspecies: C. equisetifolia var. Related Plants 'Cousin It' ... Parts Shown: Fruit Photo. This Australian native is ideally suited whether planted alone, in groups, or as a … Cluster of Casuarina glauca trees in St. Lucie County, FL. Phone 06 328 7803 . Casuarina grows on the river banks, in the swamps and coastal regions. Scale-like leaves at nodes KAL. Casuarina cunninghamiana Miq. Photograph by John Tann, courtesy of Wikimedia Commons The fruit is a round knobbly woody capsule. Proceedings of the 1st International Casuarina Workshop, [ed. Casuarina glauca - fruit Casuarina glauca Sieb. Fruiting heads Casuarina glauca Sieber ex Spreng. Plant database entry for Swamp Oak (Casuarina glauca) with 4 images and 23 data details. Starr-170628-0245-Casuarina glauca-fruit needles-Near Clipper House Sand Island-Midway Atoll (35649390983).jpg 3,456 × 4,608; 6.13 MB Starr-170628-0246-Casuarina glauca-needles with about 12 teeth-Near Clipper House Sand Island-Midway Atoll (35649392283).jpg 4,608 × 3,456; 4.17 MB Cluster of Casuarina glauca trees in St. Lucie County, FL. Email Casuarina glauca is an evergreen Tree growing to 18 m (59ft 1in). Casuarina glauca: Teeth on young permanent shoots appressed or slightly spreading Back to 3: Casuarina obesa: 5: Teeth erect, appressed, 8–12, 0.5–0.7 mm long; articles 0.6–0.9 mm diam., somewhat waxy, occasionally sparsely hairy; teeth on new shoots erect to somewhat spreading: Casuarina cristata Note the compact nature of the canopy and the presence of taller plants in the center of the group surrounded by smaller plants, all of which probably arose vegetatively by root suckering [Click thumbnail to enlarge.] The Florilegium: The Royal Botanic Garadens Sydney. Swamp Oak (Casuarina glauca): Decent size … Seed production is prolific with approximately 414,900 seeds/kg . Characteristics. ; Dig the planting hole twice as wide and to the same depth as the root-ball. Closely related to C. glauca, which has larger cones and coarser foliage (not in region). In the latter case, gray tips are occasionally missing due to abrasion. It is one the few species that can grow successfully in salt effected sites. Prostrate forms of this tree are known to occur naturally (many other coastal heath plants, such as Banksia, similarly produce prostrate forms). equisetifolia and C. equisetifolia var. 1989). Tiny, 1-seeded, winged nutlet contained in the cone. They are evergreen shrubs and trees growing to tall. However, the apex (tip) of the ‘cone’ is typically concave and sunken (means curving in or hollowed inward). There are 17 species of casuarina that originate from Australasia. ... For more information and pictures about Casuarina glauca, view the Langeland/Burks book, Identification & Biology of Non-Native Plants in Florida’s Natural Areas. By the way the decorative little lumps seen here aren’t flowers or fruit developing but a gall, isn’t it pretty? Origin: Australia, south Pacific Islands, Southeast Asia Introduction to Florida: Casuarina equisetifolia: 1887 (ornamental) | Casuarina glauca: 1890 (ornamental, agriculture) | Casuarina cunninghamiana: pre-1924 (ornamental, agriculture) Distribution. Name is shortened to C. cunninghamiana in General Native Vegetation Profiles. Casuarina glauca swamp she-oak. by Midgley SJ, Turnbull JW, Johnston RD]. Below is Casuarina glauca prostrate form spilling over the edge of a retaining wall, this particular variety doesn’t have much height to it, it is densely carpeting and spreads a couple of metres. Fruit. 1 (1990) p 468, Pl. Note the compact nature of the canopy and the presence of taller plants in the center of the group surrounded by smaller plants, all of which probably arose vegetatively by root suckering Figure 4. NW, NE, C, SW, SE. It is in leaf all year. kingdom Plantae - plants » divisio Magnoliophyta - flowering plants » class Rosopsida - eudicots » order Fagales » family Casuarinaceae » genus Casuarina - sheoak Very fast-growing. Casuarina glauca (gray sheoak). Seeds are pale brown with a broad papery tail. 67 Suckering Australian-pine Distribution: Herbarium specimens collected from naturalized populations in Seminole, ... not producing fruit in Florida (Long and Lakela 1971, Morton 1980). Pineapple, when grown in trenches across hilly slopes, helps check soil and water erosion. casuarina glauca is commonly called the ‘Swamp oak’ due to the wood’s oak-like appearance and natural occurrence near brackish waterways. vol. Latin Casuarina, meaning Cassowary-like, from the common Malayan name pohon kasuari (cassowary tree), as the the branches resemble the feathers of Cassuarius cassuarius. Flora of New South Wales. These plants can be found in tropical and sub-tropical areas around the world today. ex Spreng. Merwin M L, 1990. (River sheoak), C. equisetifolia L. (Australian pine) and C. glauca Seiber (gray sheoak) hybridise with each other (Morton 1980, in Snyder 1992; all three pose a threat to the environment and are considered invasive in the USA (Flores 2008). Ecological threat. The tree is medium sized growing to 15 metres bearing small male red flowers which produce small cone-shaped fruit. It has thick needle like foliage (cladobes) with reddish-brown terminal flower spikes. Site preference. Casuarina glauca - leaves. In storage, seeds can survive for many years . The seeds are winged samaras. Casuarina is a genus of 17 tree species in the family Casuarinaceae, native to Australia, the Indian subcontinent, southeast Asia, islands of the western Pacific Ocean, and eastern Africa.It was once treated as the sole genus in the family, but has been split into four genera (see: Casuarinaceae). The procedure consists in soaking the bottom part of the 8-10 cm long Swamp she-oak (Casuarina glauca) has become naturalised beyond its native range, particularly on river banks in southern Australia. The vegetative material is the young needle-like branchlet, preferably less than three months old taken from stock plants in hedge orchards. It is regarded as an environmental weed in Western Australia and South Australia, and is particularly invasive in south-eastern South Australia (e.g. Species.