This plant blooms in the spring. Here in Washington, English laurel is most common west of the Cascades. Tiny flowers have sweet fragrance. Rich of a strong plum fragrance, a profusion of tiny, creamy-white flowers held in upright racemes, 5 in. They are also a … It is important to stress that English laurel is produced and sold in Washington and Oregon and there are no regulations or limits on its sale or use in landscaping. 1 Review Add Your Review. Types of Laurel Hedging Cherry Laurel – Prunus laurocerasus. Many of the newer varieties, in particular Rotundifolia are now much more widely grown for hedging as they are more upright and… Related to cherry trees, English laurel gets its common name from its resemblance to the true laurel tree. Laurels May Be Hardy, But Beware of Problems By Gil Medeiros, former Fairfax Master Gardener Laurels have become very popular landscape plants in Northern Virginia. Housman’s poem, To an Athlete Dying Young: “And early though the laurel grows, It withers quicker than the rose.” Despite the brief flowering season, Prunus laurocerasus is not a shrub to underestimate. Cherry Laurel is a multi-stemmed evergreen shrub with a more or less rounded form. Prunus laurocerasus. According to the USDA Plants Database distribution map, English laurel is reported as naturalized in Washington, British Columbia, Oregon, and California. It is medium-fast growing although not quite as quick growing as Cherry Laurel. A smaller form of cherry laurel, tends to be wider than high; produces showy, fragrant, erect white spike flowers, black fruit and glossy dark-green leaves; makes a stunning hedge or accent plant, takes pruning very well. Applying mulch to the area will reduce seedling growth. The stems of Portugal Laurel are red when young and this contrasts well with the dark green leaves. Because it is spread by birds to remote areas, it has the potential to be a serious threat to native forest land in the Puget Sound region. It came to America with the early settlers, who knew a useful plant when they saw one, but before that it … Photograph by Sebastian Rittau via Flickr.. One thing to know about Prunus laurocerasus (which emits the pleasing fragrance of almonds when its leaves are crushed), is that it contains hydrogen cyanide, a poison.If ingested in large amounts, hydrogen cyanide can deplete the nervous system of oxygen and, in rare cases, even cause death. Become a certified small business contractor or supplier, Find certified small business contractors and suppliers, Washington State Noxious Weed Control Board, University of Washington Herbarium records, E-Flora BC - Electronic Atlas of the Plants of British Columbia, Invasive Species Ireland - Best Practices Management Guideline, Citywide Habitat Assessment, Interim Report, March 2006, Seattle Urban Nature Project, Evergreen leaves are dark green on top and pale underneath, thick, shiny, large (3 to 8 inches long), oblong, abruptly pointed at the tips, alternate on the stems, and have finely toothed edges and short leaf stalks, Small white flowers in upright clusters (racemes) resemble cherry flowers, cup-shaped with 5 petals and fragrant, many yellow stamens, Produces small, purplish-black, cone-shaped, cherry-type fruits, also in clusters, Poisonous parts include wilted leaves, stems, and seeds (may be fatal if eaten), Reproduces through seeds, which are distributed by birds and possibly other animals, Also spreads laterally by layering (growing roots from stems where they touch the ground), When cut, English laurel will sucker from the roots and re-sprout from cut stems, Grows in sun or shade, moist or dry soils, but does best in moist, well-drained soils. Light Requirements. As stated above, make sure to follow all local, state and federal rules regarding herbicide use at your site. Cherry laurel wood contains a lot of water. English Laurel. Full to partial sun. How Do I Calculate Home Value to Loan Ratio? Be the first to review this product. Cherry Laurel or English Laurel (Prunus laurocerasus) Mature Height/Spread: This evergreen, broadleaf shrub can grow to 20 feet but is generally kept smaller in the home landscape. long or 15 cm). White. See below Description. Audrey Lynn has been a journalist and writer since 1974. As it is a fast-growing shrub, English cherry laurel makes an excellent choice for a taller privacy hedge or border. 6705. Monitor stems for re-growth and break off any new stems. Cherry Laurel (Prunus laurocerasus) Also known as the English Laurel, this is a hardy laurel that is very popular in the southern part of the United States. The fruit is not edible. For more information see No… Collected plants have varied from immature plants to flowering or fruiting trees. English laurel is often found with a mix of native and non-native species. Laurel or sweet bay (Laurus nobilis) and mountain laurel (Kalmia latifolia) are briefly mentioned. Prunus laurocerasus. long (12 cm), are on display in mid-late summer. Cherry laurels bloom in spring and an easy way to remember the habits of this evergreen flowering shrub is to memorize the line from A.E. There are five main options for controlling the re-growth after cutting: Dig out the stumps including as much root as possible. Also called schipka, schip and cherry laurel, skip laurel’s foliage and appearance are very similar to bay laurel (Laurus nobilis). Prunus laurocerasus (English Laurel) is a vigorous, broad, spreading evergreen shrub with dense, erect branches clothed in handsome, lustrous, dark green leaves (6 in. Large evergreen shrub has dense, erect branches and rich green leaves. English laurel has escaped cultivation into forests and parks adjacent to developed areas and occasionally into more remote forests. This plant is tolerant of alkaline soils, dry and poor soils, pollution and heavy pruning. English Laurel; Phonetic Spelling PROO-nus law-roh-ser-AY-sus This plant has high severity poison characteristics. The plant thrives in USDA zones 6 through 9. As a member of the Prunus genus, the benefits of attaining a Portuguese Laurel hedge are plentiful. Russian Laurel: Skip: Cherry Laurel: English Laurel: Common Laurel: General Plant Information ; Plant Habit: Shrub Tree: Sun Requirements: Full Sun to Partial Shade: Water Preferences: Mesic: Soil pH Preferences: Moderately acid (5.6 – 6.0) Slightly acid (6.1 – 6.5) Minimum cold hardiness: Also known as Common Laurel and English Laurel. The leaves are oval or elliptical and somewhat thick and leathery. New plantings are discouraged especially where it could impact forest lands. The contrasting stem and leaf colour of Portuguese Laurel creates an impressive visual effect and its ability to thrive in difficult conditions makes it a preferred alternative than the popular Cherry Laurel. It grows 8 to 10 feet tall. Herbicides may not be allowable in all locations, so contact your local jurisdiction about permitting requirements or restrictions. English laurel is often grown as a hedge, because it tolerates even severe pruning. To control larger plants, cut stems and trunks by hand or chainsaw, cutting as close to the ground as possible, and remove stems to make it easier to control re-growth. Its average texture blends into the landscape, but can be balanced by one or two finer or coarser trees or shrubs for an effective composition. Leaving stems on moist ground might result in some stem-rooting, but it is unlikely, and if stems are chipped this shouldn't be a problem. The cherry laurels of the genus Prunus will be discussed in detail. Prunus caroliniana, known as the Carolina laurelcherry, Carolina cherry laurel, cherry laurel, or Carolina cherry, is a small evergreen flowering tree native to the lowlands of Southeastern United States, from North Carolina south to Florida and westward to central Texas. Dwarf English Laurels or Cherry Laurels (Prunus laurocerasus) can be great plants to use for foundation plantings and backdrops. Above: Cherry laurel has white flowering spikes in spring. Laurel Hedges are a unique group of plants, and they are particularly well-suited to hedging. Most King County offices will be closed on January 1, for New Year's Day. The plants also have different characteristics and growth requirements. A Hambidge Fellow, Lynn studied English at Columbus State University. Stems can be chipped and used as mulch or taken to a landfill. See more. The Carolina Cherry Laurel is found growing wild in the south-east, from North Carolina to Florida, and into Texas. In spring, it produces fragrant white racemes of flowers up to 4 inches long, followed by small, black berries. If you have had any success (or failures) controlling this plant, please contact our office. Prunus Laurocerasus Rotundifolia is known by a number of different names which include: Cherry Laurel, Common Laurel, English Laurel, European Cherry Laurel, Laurier-armande, Cherry-bay and Versailles Laurel. WaterWise. Birds like the black berry fruits that appear after flower blooms. Very hardy Cherry Laurel. long or 15 cm). Housman’s poem, To an Athlete Dying Young: “And early though the laurel grows, It withers quicker than the rose.” Despite the brief flowering season, Prunus laurocerasus is not a shrub to underestimate. A popular choice for clipped hedges, group plantings or screens. Native to southwestern Asia and southeastern Europe, this species has been widely introduced in Europe and North America, and has escaped cultivation in many areas, including the Pacific Northwest. Small white flowers in the spring, followed by glossy red cherries that eventually turn black. Read the product label carefully for rate, timing and safety precautions. However, if you know of any heavily infested forests, especially outside of the urban growth area, we would be interested in having that information. It is medium-fast growing although not quite as quick growing as Cherry Laurel. SKU. These shrubs are related to peach, plum, and other stone fruits. Also, monitor the area for seedlings and pull them up. In King County, English laurel is most commonly found invading urban parks and forests, especially in the Seattle area, but escaped populations can be found throughout the county. Program offices are located at 201 S. Jackson St., Suite 600, Seattle, WA 98104. long (12 cm), are on display in mid-late summer. Schipka Cherry Laurel or simply Skip Laurel is a great evergreen shrub to use to form a hedge in your landscape. They are technically in the Prunus genus and they are not “true” laurels at all! A handsome low hedge for filtered shade! Laurelwood produces creamy white flowers from late spring through summer that are followed by marble-sized white berries. After cutting, plants are very likely to re-grow. Cherry Laurel (Prunus laurocerasus) Also known as the English Laurel, this is a hardy laurel that is very popular in the southern part of the United States. Rating: 100 % of 100. English, or cherry, laurel is a member of the rose family (Rosaceae), while laurelwood, or Alexandrian laurel, is a member of the Guttiferae family. 6705. Wood. It has large, thick glossy leaves that are evergreen, so it … We are also gathering information on effective control methods. The species has also escaped into the wild in a few places in California. Immediately after cutting, treat stump by painting or spraying with glyphosate or triclopyr. Cherry Laurel or English Laurel (Prunus laurocerasus) Mature Height/Spread: This evergreen, broadleaf shrub can grow to 20 feet but is generally kept smaller in the home landscape. Its glossy, evergreen leaves are smaller than English laurel's. Cherry Laurels: A Field Guide. The plants barely reach heights of more than 18 metres (59 feet), and they bear simple glossy leaves that are arranged alternately along the stem. English laurel is also poisonous. Cherry Laurel is an evergreen shrub or small tree that grows up to 20' tall and is dense and wide-spreading. It requires full sun and grows best in U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 10 through 11. Cherry laurels bloom in spring and an easy way to remember the habits of this evergreen flowering shrub is to memorize the line from A.E. It tends to gum up blades while cutting. To avoid regrowth, stumps should be turned upside down and soil should be brushed off roots. Rating: 100 % of 100. In some parts of the country Cherry Laurel is called English Laurel, so when buying it look for it by its scientific name – Prunus laurocerasus – and you can’t go wrong. An introduction to how Laurel can be used to create a beautiful hedge. English laurel likes moist, well-drained and richly organic soil and grows best in full sun to partial shade. Rich of a strong plum fragrance, a profusion of tiny, creamy-white flowers held in upright racemes, 5 in. Full sun (6+ hours direct sun) Moisture Requirements. Glendurgan’s maze at Glendurgan National Trust Garden in Cornwall is made completely from Cherry Laurel. To contact staff, see the Noxious Weed Control Program Directory, send an email, or call 206-477-WEED (206-477-9333). A smaller form of cherry laurel, tends to be wider than high; produces showy, fragrant, erect white spike flowers, black fruit and glossy dark-green leaves; makes a stunning hedge or accent plant, takes pruning very well. Cherry Laurels: A Field Guide. Stalks of fragrant white flowers appear in profusion in spring. Attracts Butterflies. Mature laurel trees have deep and extensive roots so digging is labor-intensive and may result in considerable soil disturbance. It is not related to the true laurel, or Laurus nobilis. Although it is legal to sell and grow it in Washington, English laurel is classified as a Weed of Concern in King County and its control is recommended in natural areas that are being restored to native vegetation and in protected forest lands. This may be why they are often called “Cherry laurels” –cherries and plums are also Prunus species. Leaves are from 2 to 6 inches long and half as wide, and have tiny serrations on the margins. This plant is otherwise known as the cherry laurel, common laurel, or English laurel. Cherry laurel definition, a rosaceous evergreen shrub or small tree, Prunus laurocerasus, of Eurasia, having clusters of white flowers and dark purple fruit. English laurel is on the monitor list of the Washington State Noxious Weed List. Prunus laurocerasus. Botanical Name. It is a quick-growing, evergreen, wide-spreading shrub that can grow up to 18ft (6 metres) in height. An evergreen species of cherry native to regions bordering the Black Sea in southwestern Asia and South Eastern Europe. Schipka Cherry Laurel. The plant grows to about 20 feet tall but is often pruned to a more manageable, shrub-like size and shape for specimen plants and hedges. Laurel water, a distillation made from the plant, contains prussic acid (hydrogen cyanide) and other compounds and is toxic. 6717. The stems of Portugal Laurel are red when young and this contrasts well with the dark green leaves. Full to partial sun. This plant is commonly found in urban forests in King County, Washington and can also be found escaping into more remote areas, usually spread by yard waste dumping or by birds eating the plant's cherry-like fruits (which are not palatable to people, and can be poisonous). They are easy to spot with their thick, shiny leaves pointed at the tips. Impacts of English laurel include out-competing native forest species such as tree seedlings and native shrubs and replacing native canopy trees over time. English laurel, also called cherry laurel, is a large evergreen shrub or small tree often used for landscaping, usually as a hedge. New plantings are discouraged especially where it could impact forest lands. In some cases, the English laurel was growing as a single tree or in small, patchy populations, but in other cases, there were substantial populations noted that included a range of ages from seedlings to fruiting trees. 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