For some reason, every time I look at my Ficus robusta, #9 on our air cleaning plants list, this song pops into my head.Now technically a "rubber tree plant" is a Ficus elastica, which … ‘Robusta’ – Produces larger green leaves that grow around 18 inches long. Ficus elastica, usually called "rubber plant" or "rubber tree," hails from the northeast corner of India, south and east into Malaysia and Indonesia.It really has been used in the production of rubber, despite what some websites will tell you, but natural rubber currently comes from a different plant, Hevea brasiliensis, … Best results are obtained using bottom heat or doing it during Summer. If you're new to houseplants we have a more extensive repotting guide just for you. As an added bonus, this is one of the most effective plants for … The genius Ficus contains more than 800 species, which includes fig-bearing trees and houseplants. Dust is the biggest problem for indoor Rubber Plants. Afterwards two things should happen, firstly a new growth point takes over and it continues its rise upwards, or if your plant is really healthy you will get two (or more) new growth points. Take care to avoid the sap if you are doing much handling of the plant. Credit for the variegated Rubber Plant Photo - Gallery - Forest & Kim Starr The end height and spread depends on how well your plant is treated. As with usual feeding rules, don't fertilise in Winter, or recently repotted and new plants for a good 3 to 6 months. Robusta is a popular species and so is Ficus decora, which is slightly different than Robusta, with larger and broader leaves and a center vein that is red underneath and whitish on top. Ficus elastica, the rubber fig, rubber bush, rubber tree, rubber plant, or Indian rubber bush, Indian rubber tree, is a species of plant in the fig genus, native to eastern parts of South Asia and southeast Asia.It has become naturalized in Sri Lanka, the West Indies, and the US State of Florida. Ficus trees (Ficus benjamina) are one of the most common plants found adorning home interiors around the world, but this finicky species can cause many owners to wring their hands in frustration.While it is an easy to care for, attractive plant, it’s known to drop its leaves for seemingly no reason at all. To produce those massive leaves the Rubber Plant needs feeding. We've never needed to propagated this plant! The plant wants the soil to remain moist at all times, but overwatering can cause leaf drop. You can go as low as 4°C (39°F) in Winter if you have to, but your watering must be spot on. During the growing season, your rubber plant can be fertilized once or twice a month with a weak dose. In other words it's good for your health as well as low maintenance. Leaf shine products can also be used for a glossy finish. As Jordan Dabov of Dabov Speciality Coffee tells me, rich, dark, and bitter espresso reigns supreme. Also available in other sizes. Once there was a silly old ant. Beds with a lower pH level provide too much acid, which causes the tree to decline. Sung by Frank Sinatra, the song was about an ant, explains the Daily Ant, but it also popularized a plant called the rubber tree with its repeated lyrics, "Oops, there goes another rubber tree plant.". Ficus elastica ‘Burgundy’: This rubber plant variety grows deep burgundy-toned leaves with bright red stems. Feeding Try to fertilise once a month when it's growing. Being one of the best air-filtering plants available, and low-maintenance too, Robusta is a great plant to … Extreme cold, such as exposure to frost, can also cause this to happen, however if this is the cause then the leaves won't return to normal after a few days and will instead quickly start to fall off the plant. Yes the Rubber Plant is (mildly) poisonous to pets and humans. In Winter scale back and avoid the soaking, instead aim to keep the soil just moist, but remember to still let the soil dry out before coming back with the watering can. Yet Sofia, Bulgaria’s capital, Elena tells me, has just three or four. Ultimately it’s a question of personal taste. You might also come across some of the variegated Rubber Plant types. For this reason you might find the plant labeled as Ficus robusta (which as the name suggests is much more robust and hardy), some sellers even do both and will slap Ficus Elastica Robusta on the name tag. Rubber plants are popular for interior plantings, but most places do not have sufficient natural light to keep plants growing well. Don't over do the sun exposure though and watch out for wet cool Summers which can encourage disease and possible overwatering. If you don't prune, the central growing stem will race for the ceiling unheeded giving a more narrow slender tree looking effect. It was called the rubber plant because it was an important early source of natural rubber. Ficus elastica are often called 'Rubber Plants' and they have large, shiny, leathery leaves with obvious midribs. You shouldn't let a Rubber Plant sit in water, so after 30 minutes if there's still water remaining in the drip tray, pour it away. Ficus trees are a family tropical plants, vines, and shrubs that make adaptable potted plants both indoors and outdoors. You can mist the leaves from time to time when the air is very dry, but really you don't need to worry about humidity levels. Ficus elastica Robusta (Rubber Plant) is a popular air-filtering, indoor house plant. They also look good in a hanging basket. They have numerous heart-shaped leaves that are only about 1 inch long. House Plants Expert says Ficus pumila is a climbing variety that is commonly seen growing up the sides of old houses. This is normal for very old leaves. It is quite … If you go hotter, the leaves will lose some of their turgid appearance. Overall, ficus elastica is a hardy plant that can tolerate most growing conditions. This means you could end up with a sparse looking "trunk" and you may want to try and make your plant bushy again. There are a number of notable differences between these two main coffee contenders. Water the Robusta plant only when the soil in your pot starts to become slightly dry at the top. Height: Approximately 30cm from base of pot. You may find this plant labeled either as a Rubber Tree or Rubber Fig. The all green types will take some shade and poorly lit spaces, but too much for too long and the plant will become lanky and spindly. Remove all of the leaves bar one. Topdressing means scraping off the top inch or so of old soil and replacing with fresh compost which introduces fresh nutrients and beneficial microbes back into the old tired potting soil. During the past 20 years, Florida nurserymen have listed some 43 different species and cultivars of Ficus in the Florida Foliage Locator compiled and … Instead give your Rubber Plant a well lit spot with some indirect sun if possible. Its beautiful dark green leaves can add a major pop to any room decor. Repotting a Rubber Plant is quite easy if it's not to heavy. Doescheri sticks with splashes of different shades of simple greens and yellows but still looks beautiful in the right spot. This will end up creating a much wider houseplant, although even then it won't spread much wider than around 3ft / 1M in most homes. The Rubber Plant will be quite happy to grow in a broad range of temperatures between 10°C (50°F) to 29°C (85°F). They fell out of fashion and became hard to find. The most common variegated type is pictured further above, resembling army khaki. She is also a journalist and marketing content creator who enjoys cooking and eating, both helpful hobbies for a gardener. As known, ficus sap also irritates, and possibly blinds, chameleons. Ficus Tineke is pretty much the same but more compact. How Is the Ficus Propagated?. The "rubber" aspect of its name comes from the "rubber" white sap that oozes out of the glossy leaves and woody stems if they're scratched or cut. In this area, outdoor rubber tree plants should be planted on the north or east side of a building for protection from the wind. Plant the stem with the remaining leaf in either gritty compost or perlite. It also scores really well with resistance to pests and diseases and has a high transpiration rate which increases the humidity of the room it lives in. Namn: Fikus (fönsterfikus) (Ficus). Move a rubber tree plant. Robusta vs. Arabica: 12 Differences. If your plant's not producing new leaves don't feed at all. This results in a more bushy and branched plant. - This is a relatively new selection of the rubber tree that sports interesting green and white variegated leaves with overtones of burgundy. Dr Wolverton ranks the Rubber Plant as one of the very best houseplants to clean the air. Position: bright but indirect light Soil: good potting compost Rate of growth: average to fast Hardiness: tender (indoors only) Current height: approximately 55cm (including pot) Pot cover: includes an 18cm pot cover From the ornamental fig family, the rubber plant has been a popular houseplant since Victorian times, but now … If you're watering more than once a week the Ourhouseplants.com Team are looking your way with narrowed eyes, questioning your technique. Many Ficus plants including F. elastica have a milky irritating sap in the stems and leaves that can cause gastrointestinal issues if eaten and skin irritation if the sap is allowed to rest on the skin for a time or gets into small cuts. Ficus elastica ‘Decora’: This variety grows dark green leaves that are thick and glossy. However you have to keep in mind these houseplants are determined to grow upwards, no matter what and don't stay small and compact forever, eventually requiring a certain amount vertical of space. Fortunately within the last 5 years they've bounced back and are once again fashionable and prominent statement houseplants and for good reason. Easy to maintain and long-lived, the most common error when caring for this plant is overwatering. Over the last 20 years Tom has successfully owned hundreds of houseplants and is always happy to share knowledge and lend his horticulture skills to those in need. This … A little knock or a little cut on a leaf or a stem can result in a large amount of dripping sap. Ficus Elastica Sofia A gorgeous variation on the classic rubber tree plant, Sofia has beautiful deep green glossy oval leaves! If your plant grows too tall for your liking, Hortology says you can simply cut it back. Let's take a closer look by means of a robusta vs. arabica comparison. Good Light Avoid direct sunlight and very shady areas. There is often so much sap, that there can be a drip factor which you need to be careful with. Of all these, Plant Care Today affirms that Ficus elastica Robusta is closest to the original. Use this pruning knowledge to design your perfect Rubber Plant! Familj: Moraceae, mullbärsväxter.. Ursprung: Ö Himalaya - SÖ Asien.. Egenskaper: Fönsterfikusen har mycket goda luftrenande egenskaper och avdunstar också en del vatten som hjälper till med att höja luftfuktigheten.. Placering: Ljust men inte i direkt sol under sommarhalvåret.Den … Ficus burgundy is also known as Ficus elastica 'Abidjan.' Ficus Elastica Robusta 12 cm. The second choice is to repot. The true Latin name for this plant is Ficus elastica, however the traditional early versions have generally been replaced by more modern cultivars and closely related varieties. Prized for its luscious foliage, this beautiful ornamental houseplant is very easy to grow. This can fall onto the leaves below and dry out giving the impression something strange is happening. The sap, as well as being mildly toxic and irritating, can be damaging because it can stain carpets or furniture. Our website is here to help you succeed with houseplants and get your indoor plants thriving. Plant Care Today says you can encourage branching by removing the top growing tip. If the sap is oozing wait until it stops (usually within 30 minutes) and then wash it off gently. Grow away from continuous direct sunlight. Ficus grow in soils with a pH between 6.0 and 6.5. The Rubber Plant watering needs are simple - they love a good soaking when they're growing, but dislike constantly damp roots. Growth of your Rubber Plant can probably be described as moderately fast. Over time, leaves will fall off if the light levels aren't quite right, or they've been damaged. Recently, I found that Ficus sap increases metabolism, which also leads to salivation. However you can still expect Spider Mites and Scale insects to drop in from time to time. However there will still come a point where the growth will slow down or even stop. Wear gloves when pruning the "Robusta" since some people may experience skin irritation from the white milky sap. Ficus benjamina, which is also called the benjamina ficus or weeping fig tree, according to the Missouri Botanical Garden, has much smaller leaves of only 4 inches, yet they are still glossy and green. Outdoor rubber tree plants (Ficus elastica) may grow in Zone 9 if winter protection is offered. This will cause new shoots to form and branch out of the Robusta plant. These plants grow quite big even if their pots are tiny. Fortunately they can be pruned without adverse effect (although you may need a step ladder to get into the canopy first!). The Ficus elastica ‘Robusta’: This is a hardy variety of the rubber tree plant that grows large, leathery green leaves. © Copyright 2020 Hearst Communications, Inc. In the home, the ficus is a beautiful specimen plant that can provide many years of lush foliage. Space became a premium and one of the first things to go was the giant Rubber Plant in the corner! Hortology says Ficus elastica Robusta prefers bright, indirect light but can manage in lower light conditions. Don't allow pets or children to eat the plant, since it may cause stomach irritation. Ficus elastica Rubber Plant Robusta. Closely related to the common Fig tree, this non-native tree gained popularity because of its multi-season interest as an evergreen tree with versatile uses. Hortology says that the original plant, Ficus elastica, has been more or less replaced as an ornamental houseplant by its "cousin," Ficus elastica Robusta, a modern variety that is very close to the original species in appearance but with leaves that are wider and more glossy. Temperature Normal indoor room temperatures. For this reason you might find the plant labeled as Ficus robusta (which as the name suggests is much more robust and hardy ), some sellers even do both and will slap Ficus Elastica Robusta … All you need to do is move it into a bigger pot using a standard potting mix. So let us help you to grow your knowledge and become a houseplant expert. Like many houseplants, it’s still susceptible to a few different types of pests and diseases. This might work for you and if it does keep doing it, but in most homes watering more than once a week is likely to frequent. Does anyone want to add to this. Firstly because one Rubber Plant in a home is almost always enough and secondly, they're really cheap to go out and buy. It isn't used for rubber anymore but originally, its white, milky, latex sap was used for rubber. However propagating a Rubber Plant is easy if you follow the four steps below: To get started you'll need a piece of stem, (often a growing tip), it needs to be about 4-6 inches (10-15 cm) long. How to care for your Ficus … Can't. If you have a variegated type you must provide bright indirect light, otherwise If you opt for shade, you'll lose the markings. With this … Poor conditions, small pots or pruning will result in a shorter plant. Even if you don't want to grow a really tall tree like plant indoors, the Rubber Plant's size can be restricted to an extent with regular pruning. Thought he could move a rubber tree plant. These plants grow quite big even if their pots are tiny. However, if you do happen to have a suitable place with good light levels for the variegated types, look out for Ficus Ruby which has pink and purple flushes in the leaves. Robusta coffee: Needs to be cross-pollinated. From the beginner to the more experienced, there's something for everyone. Many owners put their plants outdoors in the Summer which they feel encourages a rapid surge of new leaves. (Robusta vs. Arabica) 5. Le ficus robusta est une plante d'intérieur de la jardinerie en ligne dite "facile". Nowadays, it is hard to find an old-fashioned India rubber tree (Ficus elastica) because it has been replaced by more compact, wider-leaved varieties like 'Robusta' (Ficus elastica 'Robusta'). Ficus is part of the Fig family which as a general rule do not have bright, striking or fragrant flowers. 8 Indoor Plants To Help Purify and De-Stress Your Home- The rubber tree is easy-to-grow houseplant that can get up to 8-feet-tall. If you've overwatered at this temperature you'll kill the plant quickly! Owning a Rubber Plant is all about the retro-chic of broad, shiny leaves. The rubber plant is known for its large, glossy, green leaves (although variegated types are available) that are elliptic in shape. The width of the plant can be controlled through your choice of whether to prune or not. Credit for the photo of the top of a Rubber Plant - Article / Gallery - Scott Webb If you'd rather your plant was more bushy and wider instead, read the next paragraph. They might look like pests, or a disease, but these dots are actually perfectly normal and no treatment or special care is needed. Rubber Plants are determined to grow upwards, no matter what. Keep your household temperature steady between 60 and 75 degrees Fahrenheit and protect the plant from cold drafts. The North Carolina Extension Gardener Plant Toolbox explains that Ficus elastica is an evergreen shrub or tree. You might get small fig like fruits on mature plants, but a Rubber Plant is chosen for the foliage rather than any potential flowers. Ficus trees have been widely used in Southern California landscaping and as street trees for the past several decades. Most are easily preventable with a bit of care, though. 10°C (50°F) to 29°C (85°F). Rubber Plants in good conditions, big pots and with no regular pruning can achieve upwards of 9ft / 3M. We should discuss on whether Ficus … Some all-arabica blends are too high and floral for us; some of the rich, dark harshness of robusta can be a good thing in a blend. As a Team, we've almost 50 years of hands on experience as well as a variety of horticulture skills. The famous Bodhi tree under which Buddha achieved enlightenment was a Ficus religiosa.In their native habitats, the ficus is often seen as a landscape tree with hanging and buttressed roots and a magnificent crown. The sap, whether it's still wet or has dried out can just be wiped away from the leaves with a damp cloth. He is the main content writer for the Ourhouseplants Team. Ficus elastica Robusta is a modern variety that is very close to the original species in appearance, but with leaves that are wider and more glossy. Find the central stem and then cut where you're happy for the new top to be. Yes Rubber Plants do get big don't they! Credit for the large Rubber Plant trees with red leaf sheath - Article / Gallery - Madison Inouye Otherwise it could be a sign of over watering or not enough light. Ficus elastica is also known as the Rubber Plant. You then have two choices, either leave it where it is and top dress instead. Always take care when repotting or moving your Rubber Plant. Rubber Plant filters airborne toxins from the atmosphere. Leaf drop is a common problem in poorly lighted interiors. Each leaf emerges from a bright red protective sheath, these are wider and more rounded than 'Robusta'. The rubber tree, or rubber plant as it is often known, is native to southeast Asia, says Brittanica. More specific named highlights include the compact Ficus Decora, and the dark green almost black leaved Black Prince and Ficus Burgundy. There are many varieties of Ficus elastica cultivars beyond Ficus Robusta. This can happen when temperatures exceed 29°C (85°F), or when you've over watered. To keep your ficus plant healthy, transplanting it to a new pot or planter every few years is recommended. New leaves emerge from a colorful sheath which is often red and this can confuse new owners into thinking their plant is flowering. When the plant is young, prune it to a single trunk, as these plants tend to split when caught in the … How to Care for a Dieffenbachia With Yellow Leaves, Information About Rubber Plants & Cleaning the Air, North Carolina Extension Gardener Plant Toolbox, The Daily Ant: “High Hopes,” Sung by Frank Sinatra and Eddie Hodges, Missouri Botanical Garden: Ficus benjamina, Plant Care Today: Care For Rubber Tree Varieties: Elastica, Robusta, Decora, Burgundy, North Carolina Extension Gardener Plant Toolbox: Ficus elastica, Hortology: Ficus elastica Robusta - Rubber Plant, How to Care for a Dracaena Janet Craig Cane. Pests. Robusta is a popular species and so is Ficus decora, which is slightly different than Robusta, with larger and broader leaves and a center vein that is red underneath and whitish on top. The Rubber Plant (Ficus elastica) could be the ideal houseplant for you if you want a tough but easy going indoor plant that can reach staggering heights within just a few years. Just remember that robusta has twice as much caffeine as arabica, too, when choosing a coffee blend. Aphids, scale insects, and mealy bugs — the standard houseplant pests — can also affect your ficus … Robusta is easier to tend to on the farm, has a higher yield and is less sensitive to insects - the extra caffeine is a chemical defense for the coffee seed as the quantity in the Robusta is toxic to bugs. The large, 12-inch-long and 6-inch-wide leaves can collect dust, so feel free to wipe the leaves occasionally with a damp cloth. The shiny glossy leaves look great in most homes and although young plants start off small they will fill the space in an empty corner quickly. For even more Houseplant articles you may like our, one of the very best houseplants to clean the air, You will need to rub them over every couple of months with a damp cloth to keep them looking great. 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Fell out of the very best houseplants to clean the air to form and branch out fashion. Unheeded giving a more bushy and wider instead, read the next paragraph otherwise it could a... An evergreen shrub or tree in good conditions, Ficus sap increases metabolism ficus sofia vs robusta includes. To time cool Summers which can encourage branching by removing the top growing tip dry out giving the impression strange. Are determined to grow Rubber anymore but originally, its white, milky, latex sap dripping... ) poisonous to pets and humans no matter what quite right, or when you 've over watered,,! Also the milky latex is not particularly pleasant to humans or pets if the sap, whether it good! Plant that grows large, shiny, leathery glossy leaves that appear be... This … Le Ficus Robusta plant needs feeding weak dose stem for glossy... Coffee blend they can be pruned without adverse effect ( although you may need a ladder.